Name Sulfur
Symbol S
Atomic Number 16
Atomic Mass 32.066 atomic mass units
Number of Protons 16
Number of Neutrons 16
Number of Electrons 16
Melting Point 112.8 C
Boiling Point 444.6 C
Density 2.07 grams per cubic centimeter
Normal Phase Solid
Family Nonmetals
Period 3
Cost $24 per 100 grams



Origin of Name From the Latin word sulfur, meaning brimstone
Date and Place of Discovery Known to the ancients (referred to as brimstone in the Bible)
In 1777 in France it was determined to be an element
Discovered by Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier
Common Compounds
Interesting facts
  • It is found primarily in volcanic or sedimentary deposits and meterorites.
  • It combines with almost all elements.
  • It is a poor conductor of electricity.
  • It is insoluble in water.
Common Uses
  • Matches
  • Black gunpowder
  • Rubber
  • Fungicide
  • Fertilizers
  • Sulfite paper
  • Fumigants
  • Dried fruits
  • Insulation
  • A dietary essential


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Sulfur Atomic Structure Elements by Name Elements by Number Home