Name Vanadium
Symbol V
Atomic Number 23
Atomic Mass 50.9415 atomic mass units
Number of Protons 23
Number of Neutrons 28
Number of Electrons 23
Melting Point 1890.0° C
Boiling Point 3380.0° C
Density 5.8 grams per cubic centimeter
Normal Phase Solid
Family Transition Metals
Period 4
Cost Not available



Origin of Name After Vanadis, a Scandinavian goddess
Date and Place of Discovery In 1801 in Mexico (del Rio)
In 1803 in Sweden (Sefstrom)
Discovered by Andres Manuel del Rio
Nils Gabriel Sefstrom
Common Compounds
Interesting facts
  • It is never found free in nature, but it can be found in 65 different minerals.
  • It is a trace mineral needed by the human body in very small amounts.
  • Researchers believe that vanadium can prevent cholesterol forming in the blood vessels.
Common Uses
  • Stainless steel products, especially surgical instruments
  • Tools
  • Axles
  • Crankshafts
  • Gears
  • Magnets
  • Electrical fuel cells
  • Storage batteries
  • Alexandrite jewelry
  • Electrochemical coatings to protect against rust and corrosion
  • Lacrosse shafts


Photo Courtesy of
Chemical Elements
Web Elements

Vanadium Atomic Structure Elements by Name Elements by Number Home