|Origin of Name
||From the Latin word Ruthenia, meaning Russia
|Date and Place of Discovery
||In 1844 in the Ural Mountains in Russia
Karl Karlovich Klaus
- It occurs in nature near
platinum deposits in the Ural Mountains
in Russia and in North and South American.
- It is also a by-product of
the nickel mining in the
Sudbury Basin in Ontario, Canada.
- It has been extracted from
used nuclear fuel
- In 1807 a Polish chemist,
Jędrzej Śniadecki, may have isolated ruthenium from platinum ores. When he couldn't confirm his findings, he
withdrew his claim of discovery.
Berzelius and Gottfried Osann
may also have discovered ruthenium in 1827. They were examining
residues left over from dissolving crude
platinum in the Ural Mountains. Berzelius didn't find
any unusual metals, but Osann thought he found three new metals and named one of them ruthenium.
- Electrical contacts
- Platinum alloys
- Jet engines
- Fountain pen nibs
- Uses in the oil refineries
- Solar energy technologies
- Optode sensors for oxygen
- Component in two drugs to treat metastatic tumors and colon cancer.